IndexAfricaNigeria → Efik


Featured: Badjju, Nupe, Hausa, Kadara, Kagoro, Efik, Tiv, Kanuri, Ijaw/ Ijo, Bini, Marghi, Jekri, Lala, Kofjar, Ibibio, Woodabe Fulani, Borroro Fulani, Ibo [ Afikpo Igbo, Asaba Ibo], Rukuba, Irigwe, Yakoe, Igbira, Igala, Orri, Dakarkaki


Simmons (1960)[1] states that, apart from neonatal circumcision performed on boys, the Efik practice hymenectomy and clitoridectomy on seclusion, or in later days, at age 3-6 (cf. Malcolm, 1925)[2]. Girls are secluded at age 9, in former days even for a period of 3 years. During this period, girls are to refrain from sexual intercourse with intended spouses, or else bear the title ebua, “dog”. At the time of writing, traditional marriage was taken over by European style of matrimony.













Janssen, D. F., Growing Up Sexually. VolumeI. World Reference Atlas. 0.2 ed. 2004. Berlin: Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology

Last revised: Sept 2004


[1] Simmons, D. C. (1960) Sexual life, Marriage and childhood among the Efik, Africa30,1:153-65

[2]Malcolm, L. W. G. (1925) Note on the Seclusion of Girls Among the Efik at Old Calabar, Man 25,69:112-4