Harries (1944 ) gives a detailed account of
Makonde initiation rites known as Jando
(also Unyago). Without initiation,
a woman is believed to be deprived of the good prospect of a fruitful
marriage, unclean. In the case of pregnancy before initiation, occurring
sometimes, she is deprived of the privilege of initiation (p77), and forever
known as anahaku (a term for girls
before initiation), and not classed with people of hr own age-grade. Ciputu
(first phase of female initiation) takes place usually before menarche. A
chief instructress (Bimkubwa,
grandmother) supervises preparations for vaginal distension in the first
night (p30). Sexual instructions are given (p35-6) and obscene songs are
practised. “Vaginal” distension (second night) is practised as in other Bantu
Boys are circumcised, and a taboo on sexual intercourse rests upon the boys until they are healed (p7, 18). At the rite, boys are told about sexual purity, sexual disease through impurity and about menstruation using symbolism (p27). This would occur at ages nine to sixteen.
In a note on the decursus of Jando, it is mentioned that the “Christianised” Jando is “devoid of explicit sexual instruction” (p135-6) (®Yao).
Contrary to Harries, Dias (1961) mentions that a clay phallic object is used in defloration at the end of chiputu. Instructions are given by means of song and explicit clay figurines (see Cory, 1948:p84-9, ill.), including themes of defloration, conception, orgasmic timing, and intercourse taboos.
D. F., Growing Up Sexually.
Last revised: Sept 2004
 Harries, L. P. (1944) The Initiation Rites of the Makonde Tribe.
Communications of the Rhodes-Livingstone Institute 3. Reprinted 1970,
 Betrothal may also occur.
 Dias, M. (1961) Makonde-Topferei, Baessler-Archiv, ns IX; ; Harries (1944 [1970:p50, n9])
 Cory, H. (1948) Jando: Part II: The
Ceremonies and Teachings of the Jando, J
Royal Anthropol Instit