CSSC ratings:

Hadza/Kindiga: 2,2,2,2,2-,2-;8,8



HADZA (Northern Tanzania


IndexAfricaTanzania → Hadza


Also: Swahili, Wanguru, Turu, Kwere, Shambala, Ngindo, Chagga, Bena, Nyamwezi, Luguru, Kaguru, Sukuma, Subiya, Ngulu, Hehe, Barabaig, Nyakyusa, Gogo, Baraguyu, Datoga;®Kuria, ®Masai


Konner (in press:p42)[1]:


“Sexual play is permitted in childhood and has often been observed. In adolescence, premarital sex is “routine and expected” (Frank Marlowe, personal communication, 2004), with marriage occurring around age 17 for girls and 20 for boys”.











Janssen, D. F., Growing Up Sexually. Volume I. World Reference Atlas. 0.2 ed. 2004. Berlin: Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology

Last revised: Sept 2004


[1] Konner, M. (in press) Hunter-Gatherer Infancy and Childhood, The !Kung and Others, in Hewlett, B. & Lamb, M. (Eds.) Culture and Ecology of Hunter–Gatherer Childhood. Aldine, New York, p19-63