Most women are being circumcised between ages 8 and 12 (ref. p256) or 10-15 (results, p260). “The relative focus on sexuality, whether on a conscious or symbolic level, during the initiation period and via the circumcision ritual remains unclear and merits further investigation. […] [c]ircumcision is not solely about preserving women’s chastity or regulating their sexual behavior” (p262).
Janssen, D. F., Growing Up Sexually. Volume I. World Reference Atlas. 0.2 ed. 2004. Berlin: Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology
Last revised: Sept 2004
 Leonard, L. (1996) Female
circumcision in southern