“Most marriages in Chad are customary, and the primary objective of these marriages is to have children. In practice, the age at the time of customary marriage for girls varies between 10 and 12 years old. Generally, the girl’s consent is not required; she is educated to submit to her parent’s decisions and those of her future husband. […] Marital rape is punished only in cases of girls under the age of 13[1][2]. Leonard (2000)[3] details the discursive realm of female circumcision.










Janssen, D. F., Growing Up Sexually. VolumeI. World Reference Atlas. 0.2 ed. 2004. Berlin: Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology

Last revised: Sept 2004


[1] Penal Code, Title VI, Chapter I, Arts. 277

[2] CRLP (2000) Women of the World: Laws and Policies Affecting Their Reproductive Lives: Francophone Africa. Progress Report, p89-110

[3] Leonard, L. (2000) "We Did It for Pleasure Only": Hearing Alternative Tales of Female Circumcision, Qualitative Inquiry 6, 2;212-28