The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality
Volume I - IV 1997-2001

Edited by Robert T. Francoeur

Reproduced here by permission of the editor and The Continuum Publishing Company,
370 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10017
You can order the printed and bound hardcover version for US $ 255.- at
CONTINUUM - NEW YORK
The Continuum Publishing Company.

Copyright © 1997-2001 by Robert T. Francoeur

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the written permission of The Continuum Publishing Company.

Table of Contents

Foreword to Volumes I-III
Using this Encyclopedia
Preface to Volumes I-III
An Introduction to the Many Meanings of Sexological Knowledge
Introduction to Volume IV
Contributors
Acknowledgements
Geographic Locations of the Countries in this Encyclopedia
Index by Countries
Index by Subjects

Argentina
(República Argentina)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Epilogue
  16. Acknowledgments
  17. Endnotes and References

Australia

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Non-Aboriginal Australia
  3. Aboriginal Australia
  4. Summary
  5. References and Suggested Readings

Austria
(Republik Österreich)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Important Ethnic and Religious Minorities
  16. Conclusion
  17. References and Suggested Readings

Bahrain
(Al-Bahrayn)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Botswana

  1. Demographics and a Brief Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  12. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  13. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  14. Significant Ethnic Minorities
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Brazil
(República Federativa do Brasil)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Sexual Behaviors of Aboriginal Indians
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Bulgaria

  1. Demographics and a Brief Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  12. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  13. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  14. Conclusion
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Canada

  1. Preamble
  2. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  3. Basic Sexological Premises
  4. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  5. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  6. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  7. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  8. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  9. Gender Conflicted Persons
  10. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  11. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  12. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  15. Research and Advanced Education
  16. Conclusions
  17. Acknowledgments
  18. References and Suggested Readings

China
(Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. The 1989-1990 Survey of Sexual Behavior in Modern China: A Report of the Nationwide “Sex Civilization” Survey on 20,000 Subjects in China*
  16. Endnotes and References

Colombia

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Costa Rica

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Croatia
(The Republic of Croatia)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Cuba

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Cyprus
(Kypriaki Dimokratia) (Greek)
(Kibris Çumhuriyeti) (Turkish)
(The Republic of Cyprus)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

The Czech Republic and Slovakia
(Česká Republika and Slovenská Republika)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Denmark

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Egypt
(Jumhuriyah Misr al-Arabiyah)
(The Arab Republic of Egypt)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Estonia
(Eesti Vabariik)

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Finland
(Suomen Tasavalta)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

France
(Rèpublique Française)

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

French Polynesia
(Polynésie Française)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Acknowledgments
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Germany
(Bundesrepublik Deutschland)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Ghana

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Greece
(Elliniki Dimokratia)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. A Final Remark
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Hong Kong

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Conclusions
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Iceland
(Lveldi Ísland)
(The Republic of Iceland)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

India (Bharat)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Acknowledgments
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Indonesia
(Republik Indonesia)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education

Iran
(Jomhoori-Islam-Iran)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Conclusion
  16. Resources and Suggested Readings

Ireland
(Eire)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Israel (Medinat Yisrael)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Fertility Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. National, Religious, and Ethnic Minorities
  16. Immigrants and Immigration
  17. Glossary
  18. References and Suggested Readings

Italy
(Repubblica Italiana)
(The Italian Republic)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Japan
(Nippon)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Kenya
(Jamhuri ya Kenya)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Mexico
(Estados Unidos Mexicanos)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Morocco
(Le Moroc) (French)
(al-Mamlaka al-Maghrebia) (Arabic)
(The Kingdom of Morocco)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Nepal

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Netherlands and the Autonomous Dutch Antilles
(Koninkrijk der Nederlanden)

  1. Demographics, a Historical Perspective, and Dutch Sexology
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Nigeria
(The Federal Republic of Nigeria)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Norway

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Conclusion
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Outer Space and Antarctica

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. Conclusion
  14. References and Suggested Readings
  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Papua New Guinea

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Conclusion
  16. Acknowledgement
  17. References and Suggested Readings

The Philippines
(Republika ng Pilipinas)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Conclusion
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Poland
(Rzeczpospolita Polska)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Portugal
(República Portuguesa)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Acknowledgements
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Puerto Rico
(Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective*
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Russia
(Rossiyskaya Federatsiya)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Conclusion
  16. References and Suggested Readings

South Africa

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Part 1: A Perspective on the People of Color
    1. Basic Sexological Premises
    2. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
    3. Sexual Knowledge and Education
    4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
    5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
    6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
    7. Gender Conflicted Persons
    8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
    9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
    10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    11. HIV/AIDS
    12. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
    13. Research and Advanced Education
    14. References and Suggested Readings
  3. Part 2: Another Perspective
    1. Basic Sexological Premises
    2. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
    3. Sexual Knowledge and Education
    4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
    5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
    6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
    7. Gender Conflicted Persons
    8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
    9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
    10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    11. HIV/AIDS
    12. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
    13. Research and Advanced Education
    14. Conclusion
    15. References and Suggested Readings
    16. Endnotes

South Korea
(Taehan Min’guk)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Spain
(Reino de España)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Sexual Research and Advanced Education
  15. A Note by the Translators
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Sri Lanka
(The Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lanka
)

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Sweden
(Konungariket Sverige)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. References and Suggested Readings

Switzerland
(The Swiss Confederation)

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Tanzania
(The United Republic of Tanzania)

  1. Basic Sexological Premises
  2. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  3. Knowledge and Education about Sexuality
  4. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  5. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  6. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Bisexual Behaviors
  7. Gender Diversity and Transgender Issues
  8. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  9. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
  11. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education
  13. References and Suggested Readings

Thailand
(Muang Thai)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Summary
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Turkey
(Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) (The Republic of Turkey)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. A Final Remark
  16. References and Suggested Readings

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Significant Differences in Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors Among Ethnic Minorities
  16. References and Suggested Readings

Ukraine
(Ukrayina)

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Ethnic Minorities
  16. References and Suggested Readings

The United States of America

  1. A Brief Foreword
  2. American Demographics and a Sketch of Diversity, Change, and Social Conflict
  3. Basic Sexological Premises
  4. Religious, Ethnic, and Gender Factors Affecting Sexuality
  5. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  6. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  7. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  8. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  9. Cross-Gendered Persons
  10. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  11. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  12. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  13. HIV/AIDS
  14. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  15. Research and Advanced Education
  16. A Door to the Future: Sexuality on the Information Superhighway
  17. References and Suggested Readings

Vietnam
(Công Hoa Xa Hôi Chú Nghia Viêt Nam)
Socialist Republic of Vietnam

  1. Demographics and a Historical Perspective
  2. Basic Sexological Premises
  3. Religious and Ethnic Factors Affecting Sexuality
  4. Sexual Knowledge and Education
  5. Autoerotic Behaviors and Patterns
  6. Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors
  7. Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors
  8. Gender Conflicted Persons
  9. Significant Unconventional Sexual Behaviors
  10. Contraception, Abortion, and Population Planning
  11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  12. HIV/AIDS
  13. Sexual Dysfunctions, Counseling, and Therapies
  14. Research and Advanced Education
  15. Summary
  16. Acknowledgements
  17. References and Suggested Readings