Archive for Sexology

Early Modern Times

In Tunisia, Sheikh Nefzawi writes an Arabic love manual, "The Perfumed Garden", which resembles the "Kama Sutra", but is more detailed. The part of the book dealing with homosexual love is later suppressed and is now lost.
Italy is the birthplace of modern scientific anatomy. Leonardo da Vinci conducts anatomical studies by dissecting corpses, being one of the first to do so. He draws and describes some internal sex organs, coitus, and pregnancy.
Andreas Vesalius publishes the first exact human anatomy. Later anatomists continue the work and make new discoveries regarding the internal sex organs:
Gabriele Fallopio describes the oviducts (Fallopian tubes), Regnier de Graaf the Graafian follicles and female ejaculation, Caspar Berthelsen (Bartholinus): Bartholin's glands, William Cowper: Cowper's glands.
Toward the end of the 16th century, the courtier Pierre de Bourdeille, Abbé de Brantome, writes his "Life of the Fair and Gallant Ladies", a literary memoir containing many entertaining 'case histories' of sexual behavior.
In 1642 the physician J.B. Sinibaldus publishes his "Genanthropoeia" in Rome. It is a comprehensive textbook dealing with anatomy and erotic stimulation.
In 1677 Anton van Leeuwenhoek sees, for the first time, the human sperm cell under the microscope.

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