ISSN 1944 ¨C 6683
Volume 2, No 3, September 30, 2009
Publisher: NG Man-Lun, M.D.
Advisor: RUAN Fangfu, M.D., Ph.D.
Chief Editor: DENG Mingyu, M.D., Ph.D.
World Association of Chinese Sexologists
Room 1801, 18/F, Capitol Centre, No. 5-19,
Jardine¡¯s Bazaar, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
International Association of Chinese Medical Specialists & Psychologists
36-40 Main St., #209, Flushing, New York 11354, USA.
Tel: (718) 321-8808, Fax: (718) 820-9320
The First International Conference in Chinese Sexuality was held in Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Mingyu DENG, Qinlian LI, Mary LAO
<Chinese Sexuality Health Times> in USA
The first international Conference in Chinese Sexuality was held on August 14th-17th, 2009 in Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. More than 150 scholars and researchers from Mainland China, Hongkong, Taiwan, America, Canada, Japan, and Malaysia that work in areas of sexology and related fields participated in the conference.
This conference was hosted by World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS) and Shu-Te University, co-hosted by the College of Social Science of the Shu-Te University, the Graduate School of Human Sexuality of the Shu-Te University, Taiwan Sexology Association, and International Association of Chinese Medical Specialists & Psychologists (IACMSP). This conference was supported by Department of Health at Kaohsiung County, Mercy Memorial Foundation, Taiwan Association for Sexuality Education, the Center for the Study of Sexualities of the National Central University, the Taiwanese Association of Andrology, et al.
WACS was founded in Shenzhen, China in January, 2008, followed by the first Summit forum of sexuality research. More than 300 sexologists gathered in Shenzhen from all over the world celebrating the foundation of WACS. This conference provides a great opportunity for scholars, researchers, and specialists from different countries to share experiences and information, help to improve in teaching, researching and consulting.
During the opening ceremony in the afternoon of 14th, as conveners of the conference, President of WACS, Professor Man-Lun Ng at Hongkong University, and Professor Yuan-Hsiang Chu of President of the Shu-Te University and Honor President of WACS, declared the foundation of WACS and gave a warm speech afterward. There were also speeches from Ms Lin-Chun Chiang, Legislator of Taiwan Government and member of general committee of Chinese Nationalist Party (as KMT), Ms Zhang-founder of Shu-Te University, and Mr Chao Yan of the Chairman of the board of Shu-Te University. Afterwards, students from Shu-Te University performed a fascinating show to the conference.
Many general directors of WACS also attended the opening ceremony as guests: Professor Fangfu Ruan, Honorary President and Chairman of WACS; Professor Feng Zhang, Honorary President of WACS and President of Guangdong Sexology Association; Professor Yen-Chin Lin, Vice President of WACS and Director of the Graduate School of Human Sexuality of the Shu-Te University; Professor Josephine Chuen-juei Ho, Vice President of WACS and Director of the Center for the Study of Sexualities of the National Central University; Professor Mingyu Deng, Vice President of WACS and Director of the Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality in America; Professor Cherng-Jye Jeng, Secretary General of WACS and Director of the Taipei Medical University Hospital; Mr Popie Chang, Vice secretary-General of WACS and Chairman of Kaohsiung Sexual Health Association; Professor Xiaohui Peng of College of Life Science of Central China Normal University, Vice secretary-General of WACS; and other executive committee members of WACS.
Guests from other related institutions were: Professor Edwin H. Yen of Department of Health Promotion and Education of the National Taiwan Normal University, Honorary President of the Taiwan Association for Sexuality Education; Professor Jung-Kwang Wen, Honorary of the Taiwan Association for Sexuality Education, Dean of Tsyr-Huey (Loving) Mental Hospital of KHJA; Dr Song-Jing Gau, President of the Taiwan Association for Sexuality Education; Professor Chii-Jye Wang, President of Taiwanese Association of Andrology; Professor Peicheng Hu of the Beijing University Health Science Center, Administrative Vice President of China Sexology Association; Dr. Yuzheng Dong, Secretary-General of the Guangdong Sexology Association, the President of <Ren Zhi Chu> Magazine Home; Dr. Stanislaus, D. K. Lai, President of Hong Kong Sex Education Association; Professor William A. Granzig, President of the American Academy of Clinical Sexologists; Dr. Farrer James, Vice Professor of Sophia University in Tokyo in Japan, et al.
The symposium had 12 lectures that covered many different frontier topics, 2 forums (4 times), 2 workshops of sexology treatment, 21 paper reports. The academic communication with rich content, creative topics, wide range, intense and warm discussion turned out to be strongly targeted.
In the workshop of sexual treatment, Professor William A Granzig, Dean of the American Academy of Clinical Sexologists, President of the 6th World sexology Congress gave a presentation titled ¡°Clinical treatment of Male and Female Sexual Dysfunction¡±. In the presentation, he introduced the most up-to-date sexual treatment technologies and clinical experiences, which benefited many of the doctors and psychotherapists in the conference.
The topics of 12 lectures were: ¡°Eco-sexologyology: A New Paradigm¡±(Professor William A. Granzig), ¡°Sexology: from survive to culture and civilization¡± (Professor Man-Lun Ng), ¡°Chinese sexuality education- Taiwan experience¡± (Professor Edwin H. Yen), ¡°The evaluation research for sexual life quality of male and female in China-mainland¡± (Professor Peicheng Hu), ¡°Sexual Occidentalism and Orientalism¡± (Vice professor Farrer James), ¡°Contemporary sexuality research/ Inevitable vision of sexual movement¡± (Professor Josephine Chuen-juei Ho), ¡°The practice and exploration of sexual culture construction in Guangdong¡± (Professor Feng Zhang), ¡°Discuss of sex from my collection of sexual historical relic¡± (Yufang Lin, Member of the board of Taiwan Ancient Maps Association), ¡°Foot-binding discussion from sexology research point-view¡± (David C. Ko, Chief of Foot-binding Culture Museum), ¡° Recovery of sexual function after Illness¡± (Professor Han-Sun Chiang, Vice President of the Fu Jen Catholic University College of Medicine), ¡° Sexuality Education in High School and Elementary School in USA¡± (Professor Mingyu Deng), ¡° Sexuality Education of Taiwan High School and Elementary School ¡ª¡®Whole 123¡¯ sexuality education model¡± (Dr. Song-Jing Gau).
Topics of the two forums were ¡°Forum of Sexual Dysfunction¡± and ¡°Forum of Nude Practice¡±. There were two special topics for each forum, shown as ¡°The symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of Vaginal Spasm which makes the marriage without sex¡± (Professor Cherng-Jye Jeng), ¡°The cause, diagnosis and treatment of Male menopause (Disease of lacking Testosterone)¡± (Professor Chii-Jye Wang), ¡°Actuality and advisement to public nudity practice in China-Mainland¡± (Dr Gang Fang, Vice professor of Culture and Social Institute of Beijing Forestry University.), ¡°Art of Nudity¡± (Dr Shangqi Jian, Assistant Professor of Graduate School of Human Sexuality of Shu-Te University).
In order to give more communication opportunities, the conference arranged five thesis reports (total 21 paper reports), followed by a broad discussion that covered many different topics such as sexual education, sexual psychological consulting and treatment, sexual health, sexual culture, sex and religion, et al.
The First session of sexual art and historical relic exhibition from China- Mainland and Taiwan was also held during this conference. Many people were impressed by those sex related paintings and sculptures, by the historical relics and ¡°three inches foot like golden lotus¡± from different eras.
In the afternoon of 15th, WACS executive committee had the meeting chaired by President Man-Lun Ng. The executive committee members were: Fangfu Ruan, Yuan-Hsiang Chu, Feng Zhang, Yen-Chin Lin, Chuen-juei Ho, Mingyu Deng, Cherng-Jye Jeng, Popie Chang, Xiaohui Peng, Shengquan Liu, Gang Fang, Minglei Yang, Ming¡¯an Qu. They discussed projects about recruiting members, developing website, establishing a series of research journals, and convening of conferences.
On 17th, the closing ceremony was chaired by President Man-Lun Ng, Chairman of the board Chao Yan and Dean Yuan-Hsiang Chu. President Man-Lun Ng made a comprehensive summary of the conference. This conference, with its procedural norms, the rigorous agenda, the rich content, the tight pace, the passionate discussions and the full communication, turned out to be a big success.
Group photo of the first international Conference in Chinese Sexuality
(August 14th-17th, 2009 in Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan)
Picture news of the first international Conference in Chinese Sexuality (1)
Prof. Yuan-Hsiang Chu Prof. Man-Lun Ng
Ms Lin-Chun Chiang Prof. Yen-Chin Lin
Dr. William A. Granzig£¨Right£© Dr. Farrer James
Picture news of the first international Conference in Chinese Sexuality (2)
Prof. Edwin H. Yen Prof. Fangfu Ruan(Life), Prof. Peicheng Hu(right)
Prof. Han-Sun Chiang (right) Prof. Mingyu Deng (right)
Prof. Feng Zhang (right) Prof. Chuen-juei Ho
The 19th WAS World Congress for Sexual Health was held in Goteborg, Sweden
<Chinese Sexuality Health Times> in USA
The 19th WAS World Congress for Sexual Health was held on 21st- 25th June at Goteborg, Sweden. Total 500 delegates from Europe, North and South America, Asia, Africa and Oceania attended the conference.
World congress for sexual health was organized by World Association for Sexual Health (WAS) every two years. World Association for Sexual Health (WAS) was originally named World Association for Sexology, WAS. The change of name was addressed in the 17th world congress of sexology on June 2005 at Montreal, Canada.
The theme of the 19th WAS World Congress for Sexual Health was ¡°Sexual Health & Rights: A Global challenge¡±. The themes of discussion groups included ¡°sexual health¡±, ¡°sexual right¡±, ¡°sex research¡±, ¡°sexual education¡± and ¡°HIV/AIDS¡±. The presentation styles included keynote speech, oral presentation, poster moderated oral presentation, and poster. The delegates came from different fields in their countries. Some of them were sexual therapists, sexual education teachers, researchers, professors. Some of them were postgraduate students. The diversity of delegates and discussion themes highlighted the quality of this conference.
During the plenary speech in every morning, I was deeply impressed by three themes of speech, which were ¡°sex and love¡±, ¡°sexual right¡± and ¡°sexual education¡± respectively. In the ¡°sex and love¡± speech, two scholars from German and Sweden tried to explore and test the sex¡¯s relation with the origin of love. One was from the neurobiology perspective (evolutionary theory and brain imaging technique) and the other was from historical and literature perspective. Both of them echoed with each other and could converge to some similar conclusions. In the ¡°sexual right¡± speech, one Sweden scholar addressed that the definition of ¡°sexual right¡± should included three ¡°freedoms¡±¡ª¡ª¡°freedom to make decision¡±, ¡°freedom to enjoy¡± and ¡°freedom to be yourself¡±. He believed sexual right was based on human right and advocating sexual right was the base of sexual education. In the ¡°sexual education¡± speech, the famous American sexual educationist, Dr. Kirby Douglas, demonstrated how to conduct more effective comprehensive sexual education. Besides prevention of HIV and decreasing the rate of adolescent pregnancy, he also argued that sexual education had the additional goal or task, which was to help people improve the quality of their sexual life. But the evaluation of sexual education on this goal was still at the early stage.
The high quality of the speech won the continuous claps from the audience. Sexual educationists and sexologists learned a lot of update and useful information from the conference, which would be transferred to their own countries.
Some Chinese sexologists and scholars published their work in the conference. For example, Professor Man-Lun Ng, the president of World Association of Chinese Sexologists, professor of Medical school of the University of Hong Kong; Professor Mingyu Deng, Vice-president of World Association of Chinese Sexologists, Director of Institute for Oriental Western Human Sexuality in USA; Professor Yen-Chin Lin, Vice-president of World Association of Chinese Sexologists, Director of the Graduate School of Human Sexuality of the Shu-Te University in Taiwan, Professor Peicheng Hu of Peking University Health Science Center, and Vice-president of China Sexologist Association; Dr. Gang Fang, associate professor of Sexuality Institute in Beijing Forestry University; Ms. Yuanjin Lin, associate editor of Chinese Sexuality Health Times, counselor in Shu-Te University in Taiwan, Ms. Shanshan He, associate editor of Chinese Sexuality Health Times, Ph.D. candidate of the University of Hong Kong,.
The conference had been started perfectly, held and ended smoothly at the beautiful harbor city, Goteborg, Sweden. We look forward to the next conference which will be held in UK in 2011.
Picture news of 19th WAS World Congress for Sexual Health
Education for Elementary, Middle and High school students in the United States (Grade 1 to 12)
Dr. Mingyu Deng and Dr. Qinglian Li
Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality in America
From the time sexual education was officially taught in public schools 50 years ago until now, there have been five distinct schools of thought of how sex should be taught to students in the United States. Among them, the two sexual educational models of thought that have been the most widely debated against each other are ¡°Comprehensive Sexuality Education¡± and ¡°Abstinence-centered Sex Education¡±. Currently, ¡°comprehensive sex education¡± is accepted by most people.
This article examines the outline of how sexuality education is taught to elementary, middle and high school students. The outline provides a framework of what aspects of sexuality education are to be taught. In comprehensive sexuality education, emphasis is placed on explaining the significance of sexuality education, the goal of sexuality education, the significance of sex and proper concepts of sex.
The outline consists of major lessons which are organized into six categories; each category has a key concept and related themes, or topics. Each topic is a sub-concept and main point in the category. The content in each of theme of a category is divided into four levels, distinguished by classroom grade and age span.
In addition, the outline specifies the goal of instruction for each category and what ¡°life behavior¡± is desired of the students. This article also underscores the importance that sexuality education should be an integral part of the overall education of human health. Furthermore, the psychology of sexuality education is fully explored in how it relates to our cognitive abilities, emotion and acts of the will. The most effective sexuality education not only gives students proper knowledge, but also provides student opportunities to discuss their own concepts and attitudes toward sex, as well as establishing good social skills.
Key words: sexuality education; sexual health; comprehensive sexuality education; health education
The Tentative Relationship between Intimacy, Sexual Attitude and Sexual Behaviors
Hui-Chun Chen1 Shoou-Lian Hwang1,2 Chiung-Yu Tseng1 Chao-Yuan Chiu1
1. Department of Applied Psychology, Hsuan Chuang University, Taiwan;
2. Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Recently, people in Taiwan have extreme change on the attitude of Sex issue and related behaviors. But few studies explore whether the sexual behaviors would be affected by the intimacy and the sexual attitude. In this study, we aim to explore the relationship between intimacy, the sexual attitude, and the sexual behaviors.
Method and results: Participants were 253 undergraduate (Male: 122; Female: 131) from two universities on Hsinchu. The self-reports were included the scales of ¡°Intimacy relationship¡±, ¡°the sexual attitude¡±, and ¡±Sexual behaviors¡±. The results shown that ¡°the loneliness feeling¡± of the intimacy scale and ¡° the coherence of love and sex¡± of the sexual attitude scale could explain the amounts of ¡° the sexual behaviors¡±; To explore the gender issue, there was just ¡°the coherence of love and sex¡± effect on sexual behaviors on the male participants, meanwhile, there were extra effect ¡°the loneliness feeling¡± and ¡°self-disclosure¡± on female participants.
Conclusion: Intimacy and the sexual attitude both have effect on the sexual behaviors on the undergraduate in Taiwan, but there were gender difference here. The results could offer some empirical data to clarify the miss of the sex and sexual behaviors in current college students.
Interaction of Opposite-Sex Among Adolescents with Physical Disability
Shu-Wen Hsu, Chwen -Jen Lin
Department of Transition and Leisure Education for Individuals with Disabilities,
Taipei Physical Education College, Taiwan
This case study is to understand the interaction course of a adolescents with physical disability who goes out with the other. In order to reach the purpose of research, this study is completed by narration analysis of qualitative research; structured by the case of a adolescents with physical disability called ¡°Rabit,¡± as the first personal pronoun to state the story of ¡°love of a adolescents with physical disability.¡±
To overall present the interaction of the adolescents with physical disability with the other truly, this study is to focus on ¡°Rabit¡± as the central of this study as to visit and collect information from people around him, including from family¡ªparents, from school¡ªclass counselor, Section Chief of Special Education of the adolescents with physical disability, student teacher and peer classmates. It was spent four months to collect information mainly through the close and frequent visit of the young, and secondly file data and observation.
After information collection, this study narration is categorized by Situational analysis to elaborate courtship of this teenager, and in timing sequence, separated into eleven topics : acquaintance, dating, falling in love, argument, resolution, going steady, promise, decision, ending, recovery and hunker-down.
To tackle the research retrospect based on the research result, finally as to propose countermeasures and solutions against problems from the adolescents with physical disability, their parents, class counselor, decision-making sections and their peers.
A Study on the Sexual Harassment of Senior High and Vocational Schools in Taiwan
Hen-Wen Yen, Tony Szu-Hsien Lee, Jia-Yuh Ferng
Dept. of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University
The aims of this study were to describe status of sexual harassment at senior high and vocational schools in Taiwan and to examine relationships between sex, school type, sexual orientation, social support, knowledge, life-skills and sexual harassment experiences. Data used in the analysis were obtained from a cross-section survey of junior high and senior high schools¡¯ sexual education outcomes in Taiwan in 2008. A stratified cluster sampling method was used to sample 2528 students in the third-year of senior high schools and vocational schools.
Results show that there were nearly 40% of the sampled students who self-reported that they have encountered verbal or physical sexual harassment in the campus. Sex, school type and sexual orientation were the significant factors to influence students¡¯ sexual harassment experiences in the campus. Knowledge, social support and confidence to implement life-skills were significantly correlated with the campus sexual harassment experiences. According to the results, the study provided suggestions for the intervention courses of sexuality education and prevention of school sexual harassment.
Experiences of Sexual Harassment among Elementary School Students in Taiwan
Yu-Ting Chang, Mei-Ling Lin
Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi College of Technology, Taiwan
The study aimed to explore the sexual harassment experiences of young adolescents in elementary education in Taiwan. Gender-based harassment is a significant issue in the lives of students. Understanding how young adolescent feel about sexual harassment and their coping strategies is a central element to sexual health education practice. A qualitative research design was employed using focus groups to collect data from 47 elementary students, aged between 10 and 12. Focus group discussions were recorded, transcribed and entered into a computer using Atlas V5.0 software to assist in a thematic analysis.
Four central themes emerged from the data analysis that encompassed the harassment experiences of the participants. They were: ¡®Experiences of physical harassment¡¯, ¡®Experiences of verbal harassment¡¯, ¡®Feeling about harassment¡¯, and ¡®Coping with harassment¡¯. This study finds that sexual harassment among elementary students is frequent. Most students go through physical and verbal sexual harassment by same-sex and cross-gender peers. All of them felt uncomfortable about been harassed, but they chose to endure those events by themselves.
Preventive strategies should start early and address the spectrum of youths' experiences. Young people need to be taught about sexual harassment issues by experts in the field. The results prompted the recommendation to families and elementary schools to help preadolescents recognize harassing behaviors as being unwelcome and/or illegal, and teach other ways to show people of the opposite sex that they are interested in them.
An Exploratory Study of Transformation and Growth Who Participated in the Sexual Counselor's Professional Training
Dept. of Educational Psychology and Counseling, National Taiwan Normal University
Purpose: To understand the implementation of sexual counselor¡¯s professional training in Taiwan, and to refer to the planed sexual counseling training in the future. Moreover, it¡¯s forward to much acquaintance of the develop processes in sexual counselor¡¯s training as long as to improve more helpers to join working on the sexual issue. Materials and Methods: Participants in this study were nine counseling psychologists and clinical psychologists who have accepted there-year sexual counselor¡¯s training. The date collection involved Focus-group interviews to get information from members who were taken training. There are two interviews in the processes, one is on the end of the first training year, the other one is on the time when these participants had finished one year and eight months training. Each Focus-group divided into two times to get information. The qualitative methods were used for data analyses and deductive, included four interviews information finally.
Individual transformation: Understood that vitality can be unfold through sexual energy, improved the relationship between couples, explored and accepted self body and sexual desire, let couples cherish each other, increased the pleasure of couple¡¯s sex life and encouraged participants tried the new things.
Professional growth: Talked with clients about sexual topic easily, expended wider view of sexual issue, added skills to sexual guidance on line, developed individual¡¯s boundary, distinguished client¡¯s problem which from sex physical or sex mentality and improved to establish confidence in profession.
Faced the challenges and difficulties: lacked of sex experience, transferred of positive and negative sex desire transference, established the boundary of sexual harassment on line, made sex guidance by Taiwanese on line, individual mental barriers, lacked to the practical experience of integrating sex physical and mental.
Suggestions: To increase demonstration of sexual counseling, to add activities of body work, to provide multiple internship fields and to form small group to enhance learning efficiency.
A Study of Sexual Character Transfer into the Life Products Development ¨C as an Example for the Stationery Product Development
Tsung-Hsing Wang, Tin-Yi Cheng
Department of Life Product Design, Shu-Te University, Taiwan
With the progress of the society and the variety of life styles, the concept and perspectives on sex are different from those in the past. Sex has been no longer an inhibited topic. With the company of such multiple information resources as mass media and the Internet, they bring people more sexually open concepts. However, for some teenagers, they lack correct understanding on sex, which leads to several social problems caused by sex.
Based on the sexually open concepts and the promotion of sexual needs, sex can be developed and learned. While positive development and learning can enrich the interest of sex, negative development may bring about tragedies. The sex education and learning depends on whether the attitude and mentality is correct. For the purpose of teaching people correct sex knowledge while not making them feel embarrassed, this research attempts to introduce sex products into life, granting it a profound educational meaning, by way of product development. Distinguished from the products emphasizing the sexual interest, the product of this research will be take sexual character as original thought, and transfer into the life products development. In the mean time, it will be presented with a humorous style. This research will include from market survey, product analysis, diagrammatic sketch, rendering drawing, to final functional models. The final goal of this research is to introduce sex products into life, hoping that they can enlighten the correct sex knowledge among the teenagers, at the same time mend the attitude of teenagers toward sex and sexual behavior.
The Research of the Relationship between Junior High School Students¡¯ Parents¡¯ Marital Relationship, Parents Rearing Attitudes and Their Attitudes in Making Friends With the Opposite Sex
Student Development Center, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan
The purpose of the study was to investigate the differences, relations and predictions among junior high school students¡¯ gender, parental marital relationship, parents rearing attitudes and their attitudes in
making friends with the opposite sex. The sample consisted of 616 students from the 7th to 9th grade of junior high schools in Taipei. Instruments used in this study include ¡°Parental Marital Relationship Scales¡±, ¡°Parents Rearing Attitudes Scales¡±, and ¡°Attitudes in making friends with the opposite sex Scales¡±. The collected data were analyzed and interpreted by means of descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson product-moment correlation and stepwise multiple regression.
The findings were as follows: the sex of the junior high school student¡¢the relationship of the parents¡¯ marriage and the attitude of the parents¡¯ education have been significantly relevant to an attitude of the sexual friend. And the sex of the junior high school student¡¢the relationship of the parents¡¯ marriage and the attitude of the parents¡¯ education have been predicted with an attitude of the sexual friend. ¡°The attitude of having sex before marriage¡± is the highest predicted ability£¨11.20 percent£©among other variables. ¡° The aim of making friends with the opposite sex¡±£¨7.80 percent£©¡¢¡°the opinion of their appearance¡±£¨7.30 percent£©and¡° the attitude of dealing with conflict ¡±£¨6.60 percent£©are the second highly predicted ability among other variables. ¡°The attitude of getting along with the opposite sex¡± is the most lowly predicted ability£¨4.8 percent£©among other variables.
According to the result of the research, have to suggest parents¡¯ education school, school consulting task and future study.
Relationship of Sexual Desire, Sexual Satisfaction and Life of Quality of the Old Adult in Southern Taiwan
Jian-Kang Chao1,2 Yen-Chin Lin2 Ching-Hong Tsai2,3
Chin-Jen Lai 4 Ming-Der Shi 5 Mi-Chia Ma4
1, Department of Psychiatry, Yongkang Veterans Hospital, Taiwan
2, Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University, Taiwan
3, Department of Psychiatry, Military Kaohsiung General Hospital, Taiwan
4, Department of Statistics, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
5, Department of pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Yungkang Veterans Hospital, Taiwan
Objectives: Under traditional cultural influence, we expect the elderly engage with no sex life style, but the reality is unknown. This study focus on the relationship of old adult¡¯s sexual desire, sexual satisfaction and quality of the life.
Methods: A questionnaire including elderly adult¡¯s sexual desire, sexual satisfaction, life of quality and sexual behaviors had been used to 283 individuals over the age of 45, recruited from communities in the Southern Taiwan. They were hospital volunteers, non-psychiatric patients, and residents in
community, nursing houses and veteran¡¯s homes. The data was analyzed by using statistical package SPSS 14.0. The study methods included descriptive analysis, Kolmogorov- Smirnov test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and linear structure relation model.
Results: This research shows that elderly adult¡¯s sexual and desire sexual satisfaction will be reduced with the growth of age, and nearly 40% of the interviewees still had sexual activity once or more times every month. And this research shows that smoking does not influence sexual desire, sexual satisfaction and life of quality. Drinking does not influence sexual desire and sexual satisfaction, but it influences life of quality. BMI value does not influence sexual desire and sexual satisfaction, but different BMI value will influence life of quality. The result also shows sexual desire will not directly influence life of quality, but will have direct effect to sexual satisfaction. The sexual desire will connect and influence life of quality in membership by sexual satisfaction. Conclusions: Sexual desire directly influences sexual satisfaction and sexual satisfaction directly influences life of quality.
The Effect of Low Dose Sildenafil on Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetic Patients
Jixiu Xu, Guo Gao, Ning Xu, Shu-Lan Liang
Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, China
Objective To investigate the effect of different and low dose Sildenafil on erectile dysfunction in diabetic patients. Methods The clinical information of 62 cases in type 2 diabetics with ED was retrospective analysised. They were randomized into two groups. One term were given Sildenafil (50mg) every night, another term received Sildenafil (25mg) once a night. Low dose Sildenafil was administered over a 16 days period. Before and after the study the change of IIEF-5 were examined. Results All the patients took Sildenafil on different and low dose for 16 days. Erectile function in every group improved obviously after 16 days than before. No significant difference was found among two different and low dose groups. Conclusions Low dose Sildenafil may be an effective way to improve the erectile function for ED patients in diabetic patients.
Perception on Virginity among Chinese Young Generation - A Qualitative Study in Mainland and Hong Kong
Key National Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning,
Beijing Normal University, China
The purpose of this study was to investigate Chinese young generation¡¯s perception on virginity. The similarities and differences of gender and cross culture factor were also examined.
The subjects were composed of 8 undergraduates: 3 Mainland males, 2 Mainland females, 2 Hong Kong males, 1 Hong Kong female. The range of age was from 18 to 21 and 21 was the mode. This study addresses the perception on virginity by providing findings from Focus Group Interviews and Face-to-Face Meeting. Discourse and gestural analysis were utilized. The results of this study indicated as follows: Virginity complex did still exist but different from before. Female¡¯s virginity is more important; losing virginity for females would be more negative; losing virginity for males can be more easily accepted and sometimes it would be more positive; losing virginity before marriage should be considered seriously for both of males and females. Considering culture factor, it was indicated that personal privacy should be shared in intimate relationship in mainland, especially for females, while most of Hong Kong people would choose to respect each other¡¯s privacy. Perception on Hymen surgery was also discussed, it was found that Hymen surgery was not advocated but could be understood to some extend.
Sex and Religion¡ªthe Sexual Myth and Religious of Tantra
Graduate School of Human Sexuality, Shu-Te University, Taiwan
Tantra can not represent the whole idea of Tantraism or Vajrayana Buddhism. Osho school in Taiwan translates Tantra phonetically as ¡°Tanchui¡± and try to deframe it from religion practice and differ it from Tantra Sex in western world. So, it is becoming much more difficult to tell the different between all these Tantra.
The development of Tantra culture had been recorded for almost 3500 years. It is a elaborate, system of spiritual practice that relieves human being from life and dead, Sexual intercourse may not be necessary in Tantra, but sexual yoga is taken as a strongest and most extreme and direct way toward practice of awareness. It has being recorded in Vedanta of India, including its own philosophy and physical theory. One of Hinduism took it and worship ¡°goddess of sex¡± to search for faster awareness through ¡°sexual practice¡± in the later development. Discussion of ¡°sex¡± was started to open the first time. Religious myth with sex issues are interactive with Hinduism in the history. Although later there are also Tantrism in Tibetan Buddhism, Tantrism in Japan Buddhism and non religious Tantra Sex popular in western world and Taiwan, it is necessary to make a deep research and clarify the differences of these Tantra sexual culture.
To define the non- religious ¡°spiritual sex practice¡± as Tantra Sex and the religion related as Tantra sexual yoga and to translating in Chinese phonetically as ¡°Tanchui¡± (indicating Tantra Sex) and ¡°Tanteluo (indicating Tantra sexual yoga ) may be a good dividing for the two kinds of Tantra in Chinese words.