ISSN 1944 – 6683
Volume 1, No 1-4, December 15, 2008
Publisher: NG Man-Lun, M.D.
Advisor: RUAN Fangfu, M.D., Ph.D.
Chief Editor: DENG Mingyu, M.D., Ph.D.
Editor: XU Xiaoyang
World Association of Chinese Sexologists
Room 1801, 18/F, Capitol Centre, No. 5-19,
Jardine’s Bazaar, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
International Association of Chinese Medical Specialists & Psychologists
36-40 Main St., #209, Flushing, New York 11354, USA.
Tel: (718) 321-8808, Fax: (718) 820-9320
2009 First International Conference in Chinese Sexuality
(August 14 – 17, 2009, Kaohsiung, Taiwan)
By: World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS)
The Graduate School of Human Sexuality at Shu-Te University
Welcome to Shu-Te University, a cradle in Asia for the international study of human sexuality. We would like to express our gratitude for in the First Annual Convention of the World Association in Chinese sexuality. We are delighted to have many internationally well-known scholars and researchers in Chinese sexuality to exchange ideas and promote mutual understanding on an important topic such as human sexuality.
We sincerely hope you have a wonderful conference experience and a memorable stay in Kaohsiung.
The Organizing Committee
Yen-Chin LIN Lin TAO Mingyu DENG Peicheng HU
Secretary General: Yen-Chin LIN
January 30, 2008 Registration
April 30, 2009 Abstract delivery deadline
May 31, 2009 Notification of Acceptance
June 20, 2009 Full text delivery & registration deadline in the website
August 14~17, 2009 First International Conference in Chinese Sexuality
A. Human development
1, Reproductive and sexual anatomy and physiology
4, Body and mind image
5, Sexual orientation and Gender identity
4, Marriage and commitments
5, Raising children
C. Sexuality education
1, Sexuality education for parents
2, Network and sexuality education
3, Psychosomatic disorder and sexuality education
4, Teaching material and models of sexuality education
5, Education to AIDS
6, Teen-age sexuality education
7, Sexuality education for oldsters
1, Application of sexology
2, New perspectives and research of sexology
E. Human sexual behavior
2, Human sexual response
3, Sexual fantasy
4, Sexual dysfunction
F. Sexual Health
3, STD and HIV
4, Sexual abuse
5, Reproductive health
G. Society and Culture
1, Sexuality and society
2, Gender roles
3, Sexuality and the law
4, Sexuality and religion
5, Sexuality and the arts
6, Sexuality and the media
H. Sexual medicine
1, Sex and diseases
2, Sex and drugs
3, Sexual addiction
Methods of Payment
Postal Check: Account name: Shu-Te University; Bank: First Bank; Account Number: 704-40-005001
＊Note: 1st Annual Convention of the World Association on Chinese Sexology
Check issued by Bank
Check title：Shu-Te University
Check back：2009 The 1st congress of Chinese sexuality in the world
Mail to: Shu-Te University Graduate School of Human Sexuality NO.59,
Hun Shan Rd, Hun Shan Village, Yan Chau, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan R.O.C. 82445
Yen-Chin Lin, Professor
* Group registration discount. Please inquire at the Graduate School of Human Sexology.
* Deadline for Refund: Should you find it necessary to change your convention plans, be sure to notify us by email, fax, or phone. A 50% registration fee refund will be allowed if the notification is done on or before July 1, 2009. After that date, registration cancellation will not be refunded. All refunds will be processed after the convention. We apologize for the inconvenience.
Tea Break and Poster Display
Presentations, Workshops, and Panel Discussions
Opening Ceremony and Reception
Taiwan: The Graduate School of Human Sexuality of the Shu-Te University
Address: 59 Hun Shan Road, Yan Chau, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan 82445, R.O.C.
Tel: 07-6158000 ext.4402/4408 Fax:: 07-6158001 E-mail: email@example.com
North America: The Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality
Address: 36-40 Main Street, #209, Flushing, New York 11354, USA
Tel: 1-718-321-8808 Fax: 1-718-820-9320 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
19th World Congress of Sexual Health
(Göteborg, Sweden - June 21-25, 2009)
Abstract Submission Deadline: January 15, 2009
SCIENTIFIC PROGRAM PREVIEW
With "Sexual Health & Rights: A Global Challenge" as
its theme, the Scientific Committee of the 19th WAS World Congress for Sexual
Health welcomes contributions from the various sexological disciplines:
- Sexuality Education
- Sexological Research:
- Basic research, - Behavioral, - Clinical, - Educational, - Socio-Cultural
- Sexual Counseling
- Sexual Psychotherapy
- Sexual Medicine:
- Medicine, - Surgery
- Sexological Anthropolog
- Sexological Sociology
The scientific program of the Congress will address a number of
topics at the forefront of knowledge and interest for those involved in the
promotion of Sexual Health. The following list represents the Organizing
Committees special areas of interest:
• The right to choose one's sexual partners
• The right to choose who one marries and when
• The right to decide if and when to have children
• Genital mutilations
• The dynamics of attracting partners around the world
• The history of human sexuality
• The history of sexual science
• The history of sexual legislation
• Partner-related violence
• Child sex abuse
• Sexual legislation and sexual rights in different countries
• Sexual enslavement
• Socio-cultural aspects of sexual concerns dysfunctions and disorders
• The world of paraphilias
• Sex and the internet
• Educating men and boys
• Supporting parents
• Educating sexual health professionals
• New models of sexuality education implementation
• Research on the effectiveness of sexuality education
• The controversy of abstinence oriented sexuality education
• Sexual habilitation and rehabilitation
• Psychotherapy of sexual dysfunction
• Combination strategies in psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy
• Sexology for family physicians
• Sexology for obstetricians, gynecologists and midwives
• Sexology for nurses, other health professionals and teachers
• GLBT issues
• Transgender issues
• Clinical assessment of patients with sexual dysfunction
• New pharmacological principles in the treatment of sexual dysfunction and disorders
• New perspectives in the treatment of problems of sexual desire.
• Treatment of female sexual dysfunction and disorders
• Female genital pain and dyspareunia
• New developments for treatment of premature ejaculation
• What is new in erectile dysfunction treatment?
• Political issues of HIV and STIs
• Behavioral issues of HIV and STIs
• Medical issues of HIV and STIs
• Current perspectives in AIDS treatment
• Public health issues on sexual health
• New traits in genetic sexology
• Environmental sexology
• The sexual life of the cancer patient
• Iatrogenic sexual dysfunction
• Cardiologic sexology
• Sexology of depression
• Hormones and sexuality
• Female orgasm and orgasmic dysfucntions
• Pheromones and sexuality
• The use of PET and fMRI in sexological research
• Sex and love in the brain
• The psychology of sex and love in the light of fMRI
• Passionate love and jealousy
• Maternal love
• Shakespeare and the nature of love
• Human sexuality and the arts
• Human sexuality and the literature
• Human sexuality and music
CHINESE SEXOLOGISTS FROM WORLD ASSEMBLE
TO SHENZHEN IN CHINA
Foundational Congress of the World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS) and Advanced Forum of Human Sexuality has been held in Shenzhen in China on January 20-22, 2008. More than 200 professionals assemble ‘QingQing Garden’ in Shenzhen. These professionals are from China-mainland, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Malaysia, Japan and United States. Some famous Chinese Sexologists have reported, include Prof. Man-Lun Ng from Hong Kong; Prof. Edwin H. Yen, Prof. Jung-Kwang Wen, Prof. Yen-Chin Lin and Prof. Chuen-Juei Ho from Taiwan; Prof. Prof. Suiming Pan, Prof. Dalin Liu, Prof. Yinghe Li, Prof. Xiaonian Ma, Dr. Lin Tao and Prof. Xiaohui Peng from China-mainland; Prof. Fangfu Ruan and Prof. Mingyu Deng from United States; Prof. James Farrer from Japan, et al.
Fangfu Ruan, Organiger of WACS has orated on opening sitting. He summary of the fully course of the establishing of the World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS) started on Feb. 4, 2007.
Some leaders of other associations have congratulated as Tianming Xu of President of the Chinese Sexology Association, Stanislaus D-K Lai of President of the Hong Kong Sex Education Association, Sung-ching Kao of President of the Taiwan Association for Sexuality Education, Yen-Chin Lin of President of the Society for Scientific Study of Sexuality in Tawan, Mingyu Deng of President of the International Association of Chinese Medical Specialists & Psychologists (include the International Society for Chinese Sexual Health) and Eve Wen-Jing Lee of the Program Officer of Sexuality, Reproductive Health & Rights of the Ford Foundation.
Advanced Forum of Human Sexuality in three days is following: 1) Sexuality Health and Righte, 2) Sexual Counseling and Therapy, 3) Sexual Education, 4) Sexuality Research, 5) Sexual Culture, Art and Sex Production, 6) General Symposium in Closure sitting.
Man-lun Ng, President of WACS has made important report on closure sitting. He hopes that Chinese Sexologists (Chinese experts of sexology, or sexologists/ sinologists of Chinese sexuality, who are non-Chinese) can solidarity, and protects sexuality health and right for world people.
Foundational Congress of the World Association of Chinese Sexologists
Prof. Fangfu RUAN Prof. Man-lun NG
Prof. Edwin H. Yen Prof. Suiming PAN and Yinghe LI
Prof. Mingyu DENG Prof. Yen-Chin LIN
Foundational Congress of the World Association of Chinese Sexologists
Prof. Chuen-Juei HO Prof. Lin TAO
Prof. Xiaonian Ma Prof. Dalin LIU
Chinese Sexologists (elder, middle-aged and young professionals)
First Executive Committee of WACS
First executive committee of the World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS) has held in Shenzhen on January 22, 2008. This meeting has passed key members and conferences of WACS. First conference of WACS will be held in Kaohsiung in Taiwan on August 14-17, 2009. Second conference of WACS will be held in New York in USA on August, 2011. Members to attend the second conference of WACS may attend with Third World Congress for Sexual Health (20th Congress of the World Association for Sexual Health) in Brazil on August 2011.
KEW MEMBERS OF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF WACS
Prof. NG Man-lun, M.D. (Associate Director, Family Institute of the Hong Kong University)
Prof. RUAN Fangfu, M.D, Ph.D. (Chair, Dept. of Oriental Sexology, the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality, USA)
Dr. TAO Lin (Director, Shenzhen Family Planning Service Center, China)
Prof. DENG Mingyu, M.D., Ph.D. (President, Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality, New York, USA)
Prof. HO Josephine Chuen-Juei, Ph.D (Director, Center for the Study of Sexuality, National Central University, Taiwan)
Prof. HU Peicheng, M.D., Ph.D. (Director, Human Sexuality Research Center, Peking University Health Center, China)
Prof. LI Yinghe, Ph.D. (Researcher, Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China)
Prof. LIN Yen-Chin, Ph.D. (Director, Human Sexuality Research Center, Shu-Te University, Taiwan)
Prof. MA Xiaonian (Director, Dept. of Sexual Medicine, the Second Hospital, Tsinghua University, China)
Prof. PAN Suiming (Director, Institute for Research on Sexuality and Gender, Renmin University of China, China)
Prof. JENG Cherng-Jye, M.D., Ph.D. (Director, Section of Gynecologic Oncology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taiwan)
Dr. LEUNG Carl K K (Rotary Club of Hong Kong Island West, Hong Kong)
Dr. TAO Lin (Director, Shenzhen Family Planning Service Center, China)
Prof. PENG Xiaohui (Life Science College of Huazhong Normal University)
Prof. XUE Fulin (Peking University Health Center, China)
Dr. SHU Yu shen (Sexualogist from the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality)
Mr. CHANG Lung-chi (Executive Director, Society for Scientific Study of Sexuality in Tawan)
LARGE-SCALE CONTROVERSY FOR EDUCATION OF ANTEMARITAL SEXUAL ABSTINENCE IN WHOLE WORLD
On April 11-13, 2008, a program of antemarital sexual abstinence has been started in Zhejiang University in China. This program to look on undergraduates to arose upsurge of participation and controversy on this campus. On April 11-20, a lot of media report to this news. Whereafter, broad controversy have presented in internet.
On April 26, <Chinese Sexuality Health Times> (CSHT) originate large-scale controversy for education of antemarital sexual abstinence in whole world Chinese. Until May 10, CSHT have received more than 100 papers and more than 300 mails. Viewpoints include agreement, opposition and neutralism. Areas include Asia, North America, Europe, Australia and Africa. Ages include old experts in 80 years, professors in 40 years and undergraduates in 20 years. Professionals include sexology, sociology, education, medicine, psychology, law and anthropology. Points of antemarital sexual abstinence are more than million in blog of some editorial commissioners in CSHT, and responses are more than 10 thousand.
Some famous Chinese sexologists showed viewpoint. They are Fangfu Ruan, Man-lun Ng, Dalin Liu, Suimin Pan, Yinghe Li, Mingyu Deng, Xaionian Ma, Yen-Chin Lin, Chuen-Juei He, Lin Tao, Xiaodao Wang, Xingwu Cao Cherng-jye Jeng, Xiaohui Peng, Ming-lei Yang, Meimei Zhang, et al. Furthermore, most editorial commissioners in CSHT have provided also paper.
All papers and representative internet responses will be editing in CSHT. CSHT will publish a book --<Hua Xia Lun Jian -- Large-scale Controversy for Education of Antemarital Sexual Abstinence in Whole World Chinese>.
THE NATIONWIDE ACTION IN GUANGXI OF APEPCY AND INTERNATIONAL SEXOLOGY SUMMIT FORUM
On October 21-23, Press Conference of the Nationwide Action in Guangxi of AIDS prevention Education Project for Chinese Youth and International Sexology Summit Forum has been held in Nanning in China. About 100 professionals assemble ‘Yin-Ling Garden’ in Naning. These professionals are from China-mainland, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Australia and United States.
AIDS prevention Education Project for Chinese Youth (APEPCY) had been started in Beijing on December 2006. Some heads of national center government attended conference, include Jialu Xu. of Vice-Chairman of the NPC Standing Committee of the People’s Republic of China, Huaixi Zhang of Vice-Chairman of National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, et al. Prof. Mingyu Deng, a Chinese sexologist from New York had awarded Advisor and Coordinator of USA.
On May 2008, Nationwide Action in Guangxi of APEPCY had been approved. Guangxi Sexuality Association takes charge this action planning. International Association of Chinese Medical Specialists & Psychologists (IACMSP) and World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS) supported this action planning. Their objective is to advocate healthy and secure sexual behavior, resist sexual nescience, let everyone take sexual health and happy.
Fangxin Lan, President of the Guangxi Sexuality Association and former director of the Guangxi Health Department has orated in press conference. Mingyu Deng of president of the IACMSP and Man-lun Ng of the WACS have speaking.
Prof. Mingyu Deng holds Chairman of International Sexology Summit Forum. Some famous Sexologists have reported. They are Prof. William Granzig of president of the American Academy of Clinical Sexologists in USA, Prof. Judy Kuriansky of the Department of Psychology of the Columbia University Teacher’s College in USA, Prof. Margaret Redelman of the Sydney Centre for Sexual and Relationship Therapy in Australia, Prof. Fangfu Ruan of the Graduate School of Human Sexuality of the Shu-Te University in Taiwan, Prof. Man-Lun Ng of the Hong Kong University, Prof. Mingyu Deng of the Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality in USA, and Prof. Xiaonian Ma of the Yu-Quan Hospital of the Tsinghua University.
Press Conference of the Nationwide Action in Guangxi of APEPCY
Press conference Prof. Fangxin Lan
Prof. Mingyu Deng Prof. Man-Lun Ng
2008 International Sexology Summit Forum in Guangxi
Group photo Sexologists
Prof. William Granzig Prof. Judy Kuriansky
Prof. Margaret Redelman Prof. Fangfu Ruan
2008 International Sexology Summit Forum in Guangxi
Prof. Man-Lun Ng Prof. Mingyu Deng
Prof. Maxiao Lian Judy and her friend
Our friends are world-wide
FOUNDATION FOR SEXUAL HEALTH COUNCIL OF ASEAT OF WACS IN NANNING IN CHINA
The Sexual Health Council of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAT) of the World Associating of Chinese Sexologists (WACS) has been founded in Nanning on October 23, 2008. This is 5th China-ASEAN Expo in Nanning on October 22 - 25, 2008.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok by the five original Member Countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984, Vietnam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999.
At the 7th China-ASEAN Summit on October 8, 2003, Premier Jiabao Wen of the People’s Republic of China proposed that a China-ASESN Expo be held annually in Nanning, Guangxi, China from the year 2004 onwards. His initiative was welcomed by the ASEAN leaders and was written into the Chairman’s Statement released after the Summit. The Chinese Premier also suggested that a China-ASEAN Business and Investment Summit be held simultaneously with the China-ASEAN Expo. Therefore, the 1st China-ASEAN Expo and the 1st China-ASEAN Business and investment Summit were successfully held in Nanning, China on November, 2004.
Some countries of ASEAN are currently high incidence of disease of HIV /AIDS. In addition to antiretroviral treatment, people with HIV often need counseling and psychosocial support. Access to good nutrition, safe water and basic hygiene can also help an HIV-infected person maintain a high quality of life.
Sexual Health Council of ASEAT of WACS will develop AIDS prevention education and sexual health education. They will be develop ‘Nationwide Action in Guangxi of AIDS prevention Education Project for Chinese Youth’ become ‘Action in China-ASEAN for HIV/AIDS prevention education and sexual health education’. Nanning City is base of this action.
Mingyu Deng holds director. Fangfu Ruan and Man-Lun Ng hold advisor. China and ASEAN have eleven vice directors. Vice director in China is Fangxin Lan, president of the Guangxi Sexuality Association.
A Summary of the Establishing of the World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS)
Fang-fu RUAN, M.D.,Ph.D.
(Professor, Human Sexuality Research Center, Shu-Te University, Taiwan)
A summary of the fully course of the establishing of the World Association of Chinese Sexologists (WACS) started on Feb. 4, 2007 by Fang-fu Ruan.
On the Three Peaks of the Development of Sexology in World
Fang-fu RUAN, M.D., Ph.D.
(Professor, Human Sexuality Research Center, Shu-Te University, Taiwan)
Fang-fu Ruan stated that the development of sexology in the world may divide into three peaks. The 3rd peak may developed by Chinese-speaking sexologist, and its main focus will be to carry out the full sexual rights of entire human being of all ages and all genders.
The Difference about Sexuality Education in China and America
Mingyu DENG, M.D., Ph.D.
(Professor, Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality, USA)
This paper analyzes difference about sexuality education in China and America from four parts; include organizations of sexuality education, evaluation for important significance, content of sexuality education and understanding from populace. Paper has reviewed course of American sexual education in 30 years, and summarized its good measure. 3 guidelines for sexuality education in SIECUS (Sexuality information and education concil of the United States) have been introduced mainly. Paper’s conclusion: sexuality education in China must improve in many parts.
Key words: Sexuality education; Sexual culture; China and America
The Historical Interplay between Sex Revolution, Sex Rights Movement, and the Development of Sexology in Taiwan
Josephine Chuen-Juei HO, Ph.D.
(Professor, Center for the Study of Sexuality, National Central University, Taiwan)
Abstract: The emergence of sexology in various national contexts serves as an important index of the modernization of sexuality, and nearly always accompanies rapid social change as well as significant transformations in intimate relationships. In other words, it is when sexual practices and sexual discourses undergo dramatic transformation that studies in sexology finds its impetus for development
as well as its social relevance. The authority and legitimacy that come with this development, then, have the potential to promote the overall sexual culture toward liberalization or rigidification. The present essay traces the historical interplay between Taiwan’s sexologists and the sex revolution since the 1980s as well as the emergence of local sex rights movement since the 1990s.
The Relevance between Extramarital Sexual Behaviors in Chinese Minority Ethnic Groups and Their Social Culture
(Professor, Ethnology & Anthropology Institute, Yunnan University, China)
In traditional Chinese minority ethnic society, while most of the ethnic groups prohibit the extramarital sexual behaviors and give penalty to people who have such behaviors, quite a few of ethnic minority groups adopts an attitude of tolerance towards the extramarital sexual behavior in various forms. Quite a lot of scholars of the past who studied marriage and family took the perspective of nineteenth-century evolutionism and held with preconceived idea that the extramarital sexual behavior was the survival of the group marriage and pairing marriage. After analyzing the interaction between the extramarital sexual behavior and marriage system, economic system and social stratification, the author of the paper finds out that those import social institutions are not directly correlated with the prohibition or tolerance of extramarital sexual behavior. The author suggests that the different meanings given to marriage by different societies lead to different attitudes towards extramarital sexual behavior.
Key Words: Chinese Minority People; Extramarital Sexual Behaviors; Cross-Cultural Comparison
From “Sexual Rights” to “Sexual Human Rights”: the Establishment of the Concept of Sexual Human
Rights and Its Significance
Hejun ZHAO, Ph.D.
(Associate Professor, Law Department, China Women’s University, China)
In human rights discourse, as rights are equal to human rights, sexual rights are equal to sexual human rights too. But in fact, as not all rights are human rights, not all sexual rights are sexual human rights. Sexual Rights encompass sexual rights as human rights and sexual rights as privilege, and there exists conflict between these two kinds of sexual rights. Thus, the concept of sexual rights leads to misunderstanding and confusion in practice. It is therefore necessary to establish the concept of sexual human rights for sexual rights as human rights in order to eliminate the misunderstanding and confusion. At the same time, it is of significance to establish the concept of sexual human rights. It will be helpful to clear the historal process of sexual rights from privilege to human rights, to preserve sexual dignity, and to promote the reform of sex laws.
Key words: sexual rights; sexual human rights; sexual privilege; human rights; rights
Brief History of Sex Education in China in
the Early 20th Century
Xue-feng WANG, Ph.D.
(Associate Professor, the Central Institute for Correctional Police, China)
The advent of sex education in the early 20th century is of great importance in culture and education in China.The sex education in the early 20th century occurred at a time when China was increasingly influenced by the West, and the new type of intellectuals played a crucial role in sex education.
Having been introduced and advocated in the first decade of the 20th century, sex education be came prosperous in the 1920s and 1930s, when a large amount of pertinent literature was published. The curricula standards issued by the educational administration included sex education in it, and such courses as physiology and health education also had sex education as a part of the content. Knowledge about sex became popular in schools.
Sex education that appeared in the 1920s is intrinsically related to the theme of the times. Independence, democracy, prosperity and the corresponding ideas of nationalism, individualism and scientism are all reflected in sex education. The initiation of discourses about sex represents the pursuit of the intellectuals for the prosperity of the nation and individual liberty.
Key words: Sex education; Theme of the times; Intellectuals; Modernization
Sexual Capital:A Comparative Study of Women’s Sexuality in Shanghai, Hong Kong and Melbourne
Yuxin PEI, Ph.D.
(Department of Sociology and Social Work, Sun Yat-sen University, China)
This paper is a comparative study on how young women experience sex and how they come to understand their own sexuality and desires in contemporary Shanghai, Hong Kong and Melbourne. From the data of in-depth interview of one hundred women in the three cities, this study uses “sexual capital” as the entries to understand young women’s sexuality. It refers to what these women have gained from their new sexual practices and sexual relationships. They are not only for emotional needs or love commitments, but they expect social connections, cultural exposure or economic rewards to survive in big cities. “Sexual capital” is women’s capability to revise, re-articulate and reconstruct their sexuality and empower themselves with such a capability. Women encountered different social, cultural and economical situations in the different cities, their engagement in new sexual practices and sexual relationships appeared different models: For women in Shanghai, a fast developing city, women’s aspiration for self development was very strong and their desires for sexual capitals could be reflected in most cases of their sexual choices; For women in Hong Kong, “sexual pleasure” was one of the key points in women’s sexual expressions, but their pursuit of “sexual pleasure” were closely connected with their pursuits of committed long term relationships; For women in Melbourne, “intimate negotiation” is found to be more important in women’s sexual representations.
Key word: women, sexuality, comparative study, sexual capital
To Cruise the Territory of Sexuality and Explore Its Mystery——the Appraisal of Human Sexuality and Sexual Human - the Advanced Course of Sexology
Pingyan ZHU①, Ph.D. & Wenjie CAO
(①Associate Proffessor, Institute of Sociology, Hua Zhong Normal University, China)
The book Human Sexuality and Sexual Human — the Advanced Course of Sexology is a professional, scientific and systematic teaching material which is written by Professor Fang-fu Ruan and Professor Xiaohui Peng, published by Peking University Medical Press. The book is based on the basic theories of sexual biology, sexual psychology, sexual medicine, sociology of sex, sexual education, etc, combined with a large number of empirical research data and research achievements, and it can guide readers to cruise the territory of sexuality comprehensively, explore the truth of sexual field and feel the beautiful sexuality. It is a rare dint of Chinese sexual works.
Key words: sexuality; sexology; sexuality education; sexual psychology; sexual health
Research on SexualityBasic Propositions of Sociological
(Professor, Institute for Research on Sexuality and Gender, Renmin University of China)
At the author’s viewpoints, there are five basic propositions that would support sociological research on sexuality to be a kind of precise study. They are: social factors pay more much influence than physiological factors upon men’s and women’s strong degree of sexual desire, frequency of sexual life, abundance of sexual skill, frequency of orgasm and number of sexual problems. Taking theses five propositions as hypotheses, using statistic method of multiple linear regression, the author carry on an analysis of the data of the population-based survey of Chinese people’s sexuality (1999-2000). As the result, besides women’s sexual problem, all of the five hypotheses are proved. Thus, a new subject -- sociology of sexuality -- is built up basically.
Key words: Sexuality, Sociological research, China, Sexual life
Investigation on Sexual Psychology and Sex Behavior
in American Chinese
Mingyu DENG, M.D., Ph.D
(Profrssor, Institute of Oriental Western Human Sexuality in USA)
Objective To investigate and analysis to sexual psychology, behavior, knowledge and attitude toward sex for American Chinese.
Methods 360 American Chinese (female: 142; male: 218) in New York were investigated by self-made questionnaire about sex.
Results The percentages of those who were regardful of sex were 62.8% (female) and 75.3% (male), the percentages of those who liked to affiliate with opposite sex were 87.1% (female) and 75.2% (male), the percentages of those who had girlfriends or boyfriends were 63.8% (female) and 34.2% (male), the percentages of those who had sex fantasy were 67.2% (female) and 92.6% (male), the percentages of those who had sex dream were 58.6% (female) and 96.2% (male), the percentages of those who had masturbation were 36.8% (female) and 78.6% (male), the percentages of those who accepted sex without marriage were 60.5% (female) and 86.5% (male).
Conclusions There were more difference between women and men of American Chinese in New York. The sexual counseling and sexuality education of American Chinese was imperative under the situation.
Key words American Chinese, Sexual psychology, Sexual behavior, Sexual counseling, Sexuality education
SM, SM-Porn and Sexual Autonomy
Yin-Bin NING, Ph.D.
(Professor of Institute of Philosophy, National Central University, Taiwan)
In SM relationship or SM porn, the masochist seems to become voluntarily a slave. However, many liberal thinkers, except libertarians such as Nozick, maintain that a person cannot voluntarily be a slave of others. Thus, will SM or SM porn violates one’s (sexual) autonomy? This article first call into attention the fact that SM can be performed by single individual alone and hence is conceptually different from sexual enslavement (violence or abuse) that requires at least two people, a victimizer and a victim.
SM then analyzed separately as a sexual technique, a sexual fantasy, a sexual interaction and a sexual preference is shown to be not violating anyone’s sexual autonomy. Furthermore, a distinction is made between mutuality and reciprocity to show SM as both an autonomous and reciprocal activity. Finally, this article argues that in the aspect of sexual autonomy, SM-porn though a less familiar genre to the mainstream is not essentially different from any other genre of pornography, which should be enjoyed the freedom of speech.
Kew word: SM, SM-Porn, Masochist
The Experience and Attitude Toward Cybersex
Among College students in Taiwan
Yiwen FU & Zhengjuan HUANG
(The Graduate School Of Human Sexuality, Tshu-Te University, Taiwan)
Objective: Although internet use in Asian adolescents and young adults is prevalent, little is known about their cybersex experiences. This study investigated the attitude toward, experience and meaning of, and reasons for cybersex among college students in Taiwan. Methods: College students age 18-24 were asked to complete the on-line questionnaires. Results: A total of 236 participants were recruited in
this study. Female subjects had more negative attitudes toward cybersex. The percentages of engaging in cybersex in male and female subjects were 27.9% and 27.2%. Gender differences were noted in the type of cybersex activities, meanings of cybersex, and reasons for engaging in cybersex. Conclusion: Cybersex is a growing phenomenon with a significant impact on participants. Our findings of gender differences in cybersex experiences are similar to the other European studies. Parents and Educational administers should pay more attention to adolescents’ internet use behaviors, especially in males.
Key Word: cybersex, college student
The Study on the Power Between Male Sex Workers
and Their Female Customers
Gang FANG, Ph.D.
(School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing Forestry University, China)
This paper, which based on the result of fieldwork, used the research method of social gender and the theory of masculinities, analyses the power relation between male sex workers and their female customers through their sex relations, conflicts and feelings. We consider that the power relation between male sex workers and their female customers is not a simple dominant relation, but a variational constructional process. It is because there are many factors participate in the construction of power of this special relation. At the same time, the power relation between the masculinities and the femininity is in different context because they have diversiform practice. So, this paper gives us a new analysis to the study of social gender.
Kew Words: Male sex workers, Female customers, Masculinities, Femininity
The Sexual Relation Reflected in Myths of Brother and Sister Marriage among Ethnic Minorities in China
(Professor, Ph.D. Advisor Nationality Research Institute, Yunnan University, China)
Based on an overview on other researcher’s findings， the article makes a new explanation on the sexual relation reflected in myths of brother and sister marriage among ethnic minorities in China. The article classifies myths of brother and sister marriage into two types: the non-flood myth and the flood myth. On one hand， the legends of brother and sister marriage in the non-flood myths reflect the intermarriage between different groups in human society and the cross-cousin marriage and parallel-cousin marriage existing in some ethnic groups. On the other hand， the legends of brother and sister marriage in the flood myths mainly reflect that the early human understood their sexual relations in a vague and symbolic way and there existed a cultural tendency of anti-incest in early human society.
Kew words: Myths, Marriage, Ethnic minorities, Sexual relation
Review in Promoting Sexuality Education of Malaysian
Chinese Independent High Schools
(Counseling Education Executive of United Chinese School Committees’ Association Malaysia)
Islam is not only a national religion, but also the most influential religion in Malaysia. The Islam followers, Muslim represents 70% of Malaysian population. With this background, it would be a great limitation and challenge to integrate sexuality education into Malaysian education system. Hence, sexuality education is still not implemented although many politicians have proposed the concepts of sexual education since 1980s.
Some western countries had successfully integrated sexuality education into their education system, mostly founded with NGO and became important. The leader of Chinese Education NGO in Malaysia, United Chinese School Committees Association of Malaysia (UCSCAM) started to promote sexuality education as it was proposed by government in 1980s. Publishing and sociality seminar were the core promoting works before 2004. But it is working more systematically and strategically now.
This article intends to review the promoting works of sexuality education in Chinese Independent High Schools. Furthermore, five concepts and strategies of the promoting works will be presented. These consist of organizing in-service training, social seminar, promoting relevant course, publishing, creating healthy activities for students and nurturing seed students. It also reveals some problems and challenges in this process.
Keyword：Sexuality Education in Malaysia, Chinese Independent School, Implementation Direction and Strategies
An Investigation in Communication of Sex
between Single Parent and the Adolescence
Yun-zhong ZHANG (Social Worker, Taiwan Support Foundation of Children and Families)
Yen-chin LIN, Ph.D. (Professor, The Graduate School Of Human Sexuality, Tshu-Te University, Taiwan)
This research aims to figure out the situation of sexual communication between the single parent and the adolescent children and the influence of the relative factors. The main four conclusions of the research are as follows:
1. The background variable, the attitude toward sex and the communication about sex has obvious difference.
2. The attitude toward sex and the communication about sex has relativity.
3. The importance of the sex education.
4. The supportive systems are very important to single parent.
According to the conclusions above, this research offers four suggestions:
①To go deeper into and find out sexual communication between parent and children.
②To enhance support system of single parent family.
③To enhance sexual education of parent and children from enriching himself or herself and to clarify the concept of sexual education from himself or herself.
④To enhance sexual education of society.
Key words: the communication about sex between parents and adolescence, the attitude toward sex, the sexual information resources, the supportive systems
Measuring Chinese Unmarried Young Adults’
Premarital Sexual Permissiveness
(Ph.D. Candidate, Dept. of Social Work and Social Administration,
The University of Hong Kong)
Abstract: Most surveys about Chinese premarital sexual permissiveness adopted general and simple questions, so it is hard to draw more detailed and accurate conclusions from the data. Based on the work of Reiss (1964) and Sprecher, S et al. (1988), the author has developed a revised scale to measure Chinese premarital sexual permissiveness with special attention to cultural factors. This scale focuses on 3 types of conditions in which premarital sexual intercourse occurs, such as targets, time period and relationship status. When being invited to visit the author’s website, the 1,050 Chinese unmarried young adults answered the questionnaires online and evaluated their premarital sexual permissiveness under each proposed condition. Results showed that respondents’ permissiveness increased when the targets were others (friends, classmates, etc.), the age of targets increased and the status of relationship was more mature. The respondents would be more cautious to accept their own premarital sexual behaviors. Males were more permissive than females in having premarital sexual intercourse under all conditions the scale outlined. This paper discussed the author’s reflection of the research results and its implication for further sexual studies and sexual education in contemporary China.
Key words: Chinese unmarried young adults, premarital sexual permissiveness, online survey
The Meta-analysis of Sex
Man-Lun NG, M.D.
(Professor, The University of Hong Kong)
Much of our contemporary psychosocial theory including the sexological is derived from the synthesis and analysis of clinical/non–clinical observations or data. An example par excellence is the psychoanalytic theory and its derivatives which can be conceptualized basically as a traditional meta-analysis of sex and its correlates. Many other psychosocial theories have since flourished; breaking new grounds, but have methodologically stayed largely within the traditional meta-analytic framework.
With advances in scientific thinking and the growing application of statistical and mathematical methods in research, modern meta-analysis has for more than a decade taken on a radically new shape, rigorously identifying the loopholes of traditional meta-analysis and overcoming them. It has now become one of the important yardsticks for assessing theories and treatments in evidence-based medicine with fruitful heuristic outcomes. Yet little of it has been applied in sexology.
With examples of some the few most updated sexological meta-analyses that have been performed, including those by my colleagues and me, it can be seen how modern sexological meta-analysis can make promising contributions to psychosocial psychiatry but has on the other hand particular serious problems awaiting solutions.
Key words: Sex, sexology, meta-analysis
Review and expectation for Chinese Sexuality Research in Today
Mingyu DENG, M.D., Ph,D.
(Prof. Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality, USA)
In long time, Chinese sexuality field was unknown in world. In today of 21st century of sex culture opening, Chinese sexuality researchful field have not been whole understand by people.
I, a professional did sexuality research and sexual education to continue 24 years since Oct 1984. I have experienced Chinese sexuality opening and development in our age.
This paper according to develop in sexology on Chinese-mainland so main key, and combine sexology research in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Chinese community in USA. This Chinese sexology age have been partition at five phases: germinating phase (1949 – 1977), opening phase (1978– 1985), pioneer phase (1986-1994), development phase (1994-2004), rising phase (2005- 2008).
1, Germinating phase (1949 – 1977)
In this phase, China-mainland was two periods. First period was from 1949 to 1965. In 17 years, Prof. YE Gongshao and her colleagues at Peking Medical College did investigate and research for sexual education in adolescence, and did counseling to sexual health in newspapers and magazines. Sexual information had been attended in physical health textbook in middle school. At one time, some fine movies to describe love had been produced. Second period was from 1966 to 1977.
In 10 years, ‘Culture Revolution’ killed all matters about sex. In this phase, sexology research was also vacant in Hong Kong, Taiwan and other overseas Chinese community.
2, Opening phase (1978 – 1985)
In 1978, sex’s breakthrough was first love movie. Whereafter, some professionals of insight did sexology research in medicine, psychology and sociology. They were LANG jinghe, Hu Tingyi, RUAN Fangfu, WANG Xiaodao, PANG Suimin, LIU Dalin, DENG Mingyu, WANG Youping, et al. In Hong Kong, sexology and sexual education had done in 1980. Dr. Man-lun NG and his fellow sex educators founded Hong Kong Sex Education Association. In Taiwan, sexology and sexual education had done at some professionals in 1977. They were Dr. Edwin H YEN, Dr. Jung Kwang WEN, et al.
3, Pioneer phase (1986-1994)
In 1986, the Preparation Committee of the China Sexology Association had been founded. WANG Xiaodao was director, DENG Mingyu was secretary general. This is important matter in Chinese sexology history. After eight years, China Sexology Association was officially established. In Hong Kong, Asian Federation for Sexology was officially established in 1992. Dr. Min-lun NG was president. In Taiwan, Taiwan Association for Sexual Education was officially established in 1991. Prof. Ci-Rao Lee was president, and Dr. Edwin H YEN was vice president. In USA, Dr. Fangfu RUAN obtained Ph.D. in Human Sexuality in San Francisco in 1991. He made ‘Sexual Sociology’ in World Journal since 1986.
4, Development phase (1994-2005)
In October 1994, China Sexology Association was officially established in Beijing. Prof. WANG Guangchao was president; Prof. WANG Xiaodao was secretary general. In sexuality field, many professionals in China-mainland, Hong Kong, Taiwan and America-Chinese made academic exchange. Researchful achievement in Chinese sexuality had been shown time after time in international sexuality filed. In July 1996, 4th Asia Conference for Sexology held Taiwan, Prof. Edwin H YEN was Chairman. In August 1999, 14th World Congress for Sexology held Hong Kong. Prof. Man-lun NG was Chairman. Prof. Jieping Wu of Honor President of the China Sexology Association made important academic report.
In ten years, some Chinese sexologists have been recognized in world sexology field. Example, PAN Suimin, LIU Dalin, HU Peicheng, LI Yinhe, MA Xiaonian in China-mainkand; Man-Lin NG, Edwin H YEN, Jung Kwang WEN, Josephine Chuen-juei HO and Yen-Chin LIN; RUAN Fangfu and DENG Mingyu in USA.
5, Rising phase (2005- 2008)
In the near years, some youthful Chinese sexologists show their achievement in academic organizations or sexuality salon. They rise new states in sexuality research and sexual education.
In January 2008, World Association of Chinese Sexologists held. Rising phase of Chinese sexuality have come!
How A Woman May be Affected When Her
Partner Has Erectile Difficulties
Dr. Margaret Redelman
(Professor, Sydney Centre for Sexual & Relationship Therapy)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common male sexual condition which has an initial spike in young age with high sex drive, anxiety and inexperience, and then increasing in prevalence with age, after about 40years. ED is also associated with common diseases of aging such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes and psychological states such as mood disorders, anger and depression. Research has repeatedly highlighted the profound effect that ED has on a man’s sense of self, manhood/masculinity and quality of life. This translates into men with ED experiencing worse social functioning, role limitations due to emotional problems, poorer emotional wellbeing, less sexual satisfaction, lower emotional satisfaction and lower general life happiness. At the same time most men and women see ED as a normal consequence of aging and studies show that only about 9% of men with ED are actually taking a drug to treat their ED.
Sexuality regularly rates as an important aspect of relationships for both men and women. Most men with ED will have an intimate/sexual relationship with a woman while having the condition. What effect does the above male constellation of consequences have on the sexual and emotional wellbeing of women? The most common male responses are either withdrawal from affectional behaviour to protect from engaging in sexual behaviour or blaming the woman, so she withdraws.
Women who have not enjoyed a sexual relationship with their partner are usually relieved that they can stop having sex and will sabotage attempts at re-instating erections. However, when the woman has enjoyed making love, ED can impact on her in several ways. In particular, the impact can be on: her sexuality with orgasmic dysfunction, loss of libido and dyspareunia: her self-esteem and her perception of herself as an attractive sexually competent woman; loss of affectional intimacy both emotional and physical; loss of relationship happiness, harmony, cohesiveness and satisfaction; and lack of sexual organ exercise and the benefits of sexual activity. Usually there are strong feelings of guilt, shame, hurt, rejection and anger.
Studies show that loss of sexual activity in good older relationships is mostly determined by the male ability to function. However, while for the man with ED the most important outcome of treatment may be a firm erection and ability to penetrate, the woman may have different objectives. She may want a re-establishing of a satisfying sensual and sexual emotional and physical interaction.
In treatment both partners need to be seen, understood and mutual goals established. ED has very significant effects for the partner and the dynamic interplay between the ED patient and their partner must be taken into account in any management process for real sustainable success.
Key words: ED, women, ED treatment, women’s sexual enjoyment
Is there A Place for Sexuality After A
Life Limiting Medical Diagnosis?
Dr Margaret Redelman
(Professor, Sydney Centre for Sexual & Relationship Therapy)
It is very traumatic to be given a life limiting diagnosis. It is traumatic for the patient, the health care provider/s and the patient’s partner and family. Each of these groups will have their own beliefs about the place of sexuality at this time. These beliefs will be based on their own sexual past, education, experiences, culture etc and ultimately comfort with sexuality and dealing with another’s sexuality.
Illness, dying and sexuality are taboos in almost every society. As a result, this particular period in individual’s lives, when a life limiting diagnosis is given, is very vulnerable to sexual difficulties. However, there are studies showing that many individuals value maintaining their sexuality during this difficult time and want assistance in making the best of their sexual potential.
The continual changes that occur with the progression of disease and its management make it difficult for the individual and their partner to manage without professional assistance. And as for many people sexuality defines their meaningful intimate relationship, important benefits may be lost when sexuality is lost or changed.
Health professionals regularly acknowledge the importance of sexuality for individuals despite the diagnosis, but have difficulties acting on their beliefs when it comes to raising the subject, positive validation of sexuality and constructive therapeutic assistance.
Sexuality within the individual’s ability and desire for it must be included in the holistic care of individuals even after a life limiting diagnosis is given.
Key words: sexuality, illness, dying, palliative care
The Yin Yang of Safer Sex for Youth: Innovative “Empower Now” Workshop Integrating Eastern and Western Techniques
Dr. Judy Kuriansky
(Professor, Clinical Psychology, Columbia University Teacher's College)
The problem of teens contracting HIV and STD is reaching epidemic proportions, in the United States and around the world. Designing appropriate, effective and appealing programs for prevention in youth is exceptionally important, given this increasing problem and the specific challenges of addressing these issues in the youth population. A workshop was developed which is the first of its kind to integrate eastern techniques focusing on awareness of energy and meditation, with western techniques of object relations and communication skills. The workshop activities include exercises to increase self-esteem and improve decision-making as well as information about STD.
This presentation identifies issues about sexuality of youth in America and China, and illustrates the unique workshop which has been applied in various settings in the New York area and around the world. It also presents research showing the effectiveness of this approach in providing a new model of disease prevention and healthy relationships based on high self-esteem, communication and healthy decision-making. The presentation includes didactic material, demonstrations and experiential elements of the workshop model.
Key words: yin yang, safer sex, HIV, STD
Brief Discussion on the Influence of Social Culture Elements to The Sexual Behavior of Human Beings
(Professor, the Ethnic Researching Institute of Yunnan University)
Abstract: In order to know the varied forms of human’s sexual behaviors, this article discusses some influential factors to human’s sexual behavior, such as marriage custom、 social norm and the religious belief . The author believes that the influence of social culture elements on the human’s sexual behavior is not only various but also multiple. In human society, there are profound influences on human’s sexual behaviors as a result of varied social culture effect. Meanwhile, due to the different background of social culture, the different nationality's sexual behaviors often appear its diversity.
Key words: social culture; human’s sexual behavior; diversity
Co-existence between Extra-marital Sexual
Relation and Marriage
Ying WU, PhD
(Associate Professor, The Ethnic Researching Institute of Yunnan University)
Abstract: Human’s sexual demands based on biological Mechanism go beyond the institution of marriage, which is established on a certain socio-cultural basis, and appear a great tension between marriage. The game between marriage and sex represents a colorful diversity. The result is, in most of the society, human’s extra-marriage sexual behaviors exist not only in strictly regulated form which people has been being familiar with, also in semi-open even open institutionalized form, showing the form of binary opposition.
Key Words: extra-marital lover ; marriage institution ; co-existence
Views on Sex Education in China in 1920s:A Research Focused on Special Issue onSex Education of the Journal of Education
Xuefeng WANG, Ph.D.
(Professor, the Central Institute for Correctional Police, China)
Abstract: The journal of education which published by commercial press published a special issue (No.8 volume 15) on sex education in 1923.There were 13 papers in this special issue, and the authors were all famous scholars in sex education including Chang Daozhi, Zhou Jianren, Pan Gongzhan and Sheng Langxi. Chinese traditional idea of sex was criticized by these scholars. And they discussed a lot of academic problems in sex education such as the connotation of sex education, necessity and aim of sex education, executor of sex education, age and step of sex education, content and method of sex education, and so on. The publishing of special issue on sex education marked a new epoch when sex education was received by academic world. So the research on this special issue is of great significance for understanding the condition of sex discourse and practice in modern China.
Key Words: Sex education; China; Chinese traditional idea
Exploration of Young People's Sex Education Pattern
on Internet in the Mainland of China
(Chinese Sexuality Health Times)
Objective: to use the Internet to disseminate the philosophy and information about sex education widely， in order to intervene in young people's thinking and behavior., to cultivate their responsibility and capability of self-control, to help them set a correct attitude towards sex, and to reduce the physical and psychological harm. Methods: opening a hotline in Internet, creating a blog topic about sex education. Using theInternet forum and blog to publish and disseminate articles on sex education; leading the disscussion related to sex,bringing on netework issues,so that the traditional media can focus on them. All of these are in order to allow more young people have the opportunity to receive and understand the relevant information about sex education. Results: there are hundreds of daily calls through the hotline on Interenet to ask for help. Articles including sex education information attract people to read them, many single ones has the visit amount to 40 million,some of them are over 1,000,000 and traditional media have already widely reprinted them. Leading to a number of media focus on the incidents. The total number of the blog's page views is more than 30,000,000,and the number of people who were influenced by network reprint and reports on traditional media can not be counted. Conclusions: this model of sex education is the best to make up for the lack of sex education. It will allow more young people to gain a timely&free sex education and receive a better help on trouble about sex。
Key words: Sex education; Dissemination on Internet; Community of model
Assessment of the Legal Liability for Psychosexual Disorder
Mingyu DENG, Shiyan LAO
(Chinese Sexuality Health Times)
Objective The purpose of this article to approach a problem of legal liability for the patients with sexual and gender identity disorder. Methods 7 patients (N = 931) who met DSM- IV criteria for sexual and gender identity disorder (one of sexual masochism, one’ of fetishism, one of frotteuris. Three of pedophilia and one of gender identity disorder) were submitted to forensic psychiatric assessment and analyzed their ability in charge. Results I found that 4 of them should be in charge of all liability of low; 2 patients should be in charge of partial liability of low. Conclusions I believe that their problems were not solved completely punishing by law. The general treatment and management, such as psychotherapy, should carry them out.
Key words Psychosexual disorders. Liability
A Research to Male’s Sexual Behavior Related Trauma in American-Chinese in New York
Mingyu Deng, M.D., Ph.D
(Professor, Institute for Oriental-Western Human Sexuality, USA)
Objective: To analysis and research to types, risk factors, prevention and treatment of male’s sexual behavior related trauma in Chinese in New York. Methods: The medical records of 58 cases of male patients with sexual behavior related trauma that was admitted to 3 hospitals was reviewed. Results: Age of patients is 18-39 years old, medial age is 24.6 years old. 23 cases with married, 29 cases with single 9 cases with widower. 5 cases with college education, 53 cases with middle school and lower education. In the 58 cases, 18 cases with rupture of cavernous body of penis, 13 cases with paraphimosis, 9 cases with frenum laceration, 6 cases with urethral contusion or laceration, 5 cases with penis contusion or laceration, 4 cases with incarceration of penis by metallic ring and 3 cases with broken penis dorsal vein. The risk factors included: 23 cases with masturbation, 18 cases with violent coitus, 9 cases with sex of mouth and 8 cases with sodomite (sex of anus). 58 patients was recovery who had been treated at medicament or/and operation. Conclusions: Sexual behavior related trauma in males mainly occurs in the sexual active young men. Risk factors were low education level, scarcity of sexual knowledge, masturbation, violent coitus, sex of mouth and anus. To prevent the sexual behavior related trauma in male, it is necessary to promote healthy sex education and provide sexual counseling service.
Kew words: Sexual behavior, Sexual behavior related trauma, Male